An Overview of Stem Cell Therapy

Orthopedic injuries are very common, and usually require some kind of treatment. Traditional avenues of treatment usually involve medications, injections, or surgery. However, stem cell therapy is a different form of treatment with promising results.

At Mehling Orthopedics, our skilled team is ready to discuss how stem cell therapy can benefit you. Dr. Brian Mehling is one of our orthopedic surgeons who specializes in regenerative medicine for all of your orthopedic needs.

What are stem cells?

Believe it or not, there are billions of stem cells in your body at one time. These cells are the cells that can become all the other specialized cells in your body. The stem cells can divide into other cells called daughter cells. The daughter cells then either become stem cells or other specialized cells such as:

There are no other cells in your body quite like stem cells. They have the ability to transform into just about any cell that your body needs. This makes them very versatile for treatment of degenerative or chronic conditions. Scientists and doctors harvest stem cells in several different ways. 

There are two types of stem cells that we use at our facility: adult and perinatal.


This type of stem cell is found in tissues and organs in the body. However, they aren’t only found in adults, but are found in children and infants, too. These cells are used by your body to repair damaged tissue in the area that they are found. 

Induced pluripotent stem cells are adult stem cells that are reprogrammed in a laboratory. They have the ability to turn into just about any type of tissue in the body. This gives them endless potential to turn into organs or other tissues that your body needs.


Perinatal stem cells are found in either umbilical cord blood or in the amniotic fluid that surrounds a baby before birth. These stem cells also have the ability to change into specialized cells within the body. These type of cells are able to convert to other tissues more quickly than adult cells, and have a greater potential for use anywhere in the body.

How our stem cell therapy works

At our New York office, Dr. Mehling uses autologous stem cell therapy for treatment of orthopedic conditions. The cells are used to help begin restoration of damaged, diseased, or dysfunctional tissues. Once the cells are harvested from your body, they can be manipulated in a lab to grow into specific cells.

After the stem cells have become the specialized type of cell that you need for your condition, Dr. Mehling injects them into the area where you need them. The stem cells immediately begin to repair the damaged tissue within that area. Like any kind of treatment, it does take some time to see results, but research has been promising.

Although stem cell therapy can be used for a lot of different conditions within your body, at Mehling Orthopedics our doctors use it for orthopedic conditions

The treatment has been shown effective in several conditions such as:

Stem cell therapy can also be used in conjunction with other types of treatment. This means that if our doctors determine that you need surgery, they could potentially also use stem cell therapy during surgery to help speed along the healing process within the affected area.

Are you a good candidate for stem cell therapy?

At your initial appointment, Dr. Mehling does a thorough exam of the area that’s causing you concern. He may get imaging studies, such as an MRI, to determine the extent of the condition, and can then discuss if stem cell therapy is an option for you. 

If you have a condition that in the past would have required surgical intervention, Dr. Mehling may be able to offer stem cell therapy instead. Because of the versatility of stem cell therapy, many conditions have the potential to be treated with this state-of-the-art treatment.

If you think stem cell therapy can benefit you and you would like more information, call our office in West Islip, New York, to make an appointment with Dr. Mehling.

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